Monday, February 2, 2015

To believe [pisteuo] is to have faith; unbelief [apistia] is faithlessness

In the Bible, “belief” and “faith” appear to be equivalent (Hebrew aman, Greek pistis). The Greek indicates that “to believe” [pisteuō] is the infinitive of the noun “faith.”

In addition, “unbelieving” and “faithless” are from the same Greek word apistis.

Parallel: first principle of the gospel


“If thou wilt turn unto me, and hearken unto my voice, and believe, and repent of all thy transgressions, and be baptized, even in water, in the name of mine Only Begotten Son, who is full of grace and truth, which is Jesus Christ, the only name which shall be given under heaven, whereby salvation shall come unto the children of men, ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost, asking all things in his name, and whatsoever ye shall ask, it shall be given you” (Moses 6:52).

Believe and repent of your sins and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, even as our fathers, and ye shall receive the Holy Ghost, that ye may have all things made manifest” (Moses 8:24).

Believe on the name of the Lord Jesus, who was on the earth, and is to come, the beginning and the end; Repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ, according to the holy commandment, for the remission of sins; And whoso doeth this shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost, by the laying on of the hands of the elders of the church” (D&C 49:11-4).

“We believe that the first principles and ordinances of the Gospel are: first, Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ; second, Repentance; third, Baptism by immersion for the remission of sins; fourth, Laying on of hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost” (Articles of Faith 1:4).

Parallel: becoming the sons of God


“But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name” (John 1:12). “. . . only to them who believe on his name” (JST John 1:12).

“And as many as have received me, to them have I given to become the sons of God; and even so will I to as many as shall believe on my name” (3 Nephi 9:17).

“I say unto you, that as many as receive me, to them will I give power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on my name” (D&C 11:30).

“Who so loved the world that he gave his own life, that as many as would believe might become the sons of God” (D&C 34:3).

“I am Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who was crucified for the sins of the world, even as many as will believe on my name, that they may become the sons of God” (D&C 35:2).

“I came unto mine own, and mine own received me not; but unto as many as received me gave I power to do many miracles, and to become the sons of God; and even unto them that believed on my name gave I power to obtain eternal life” (D&C 45:8).

“And after that he came men also were saved by faith in his name; and by faith, they become the sons of God” (Moroni 7:26).

Parallel: manifestation of the Lord


“And behold, according to the words of the prophet, the Messiah will set himself again the second time to recover them; wherefore, he will manifest himself unto them in power and great glory, unto the destruction of their enemies, when that day cometh when they shall believe in him; and none will he destroy that believe in him” (2 Nephi 6:14).

“And behold it shall come to pass that after the Messiah hath risen from the dead, and hath manifested himself unto his people, unto as many as will believe on his name, behold, Jerusalem shall be destroyed again; for wo unto them that fight against God and the people of his church” (2 Nephi 25:14).

“And that he manifesteth himself unto all those who believe in him, by the power of the Holy Ghost” (Alma 26:13).

“For thus didst thou manifest thyself unto thy disciples; for after they had faith, and did speak in thy name, thou didst show thyself unto them in great power” (Ether 12:31).

Parallel: all things possible


“If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth” (Mark 9:23).

“. . . having power given them to do all things by faith” (2 Nephi 1:10).

“I will make thee mighty in word and in deed, in faith and in works; yea, even that all things shall be done unto thee according to thy word” (Helaman 10:5).

“If ye have faith ye can do all things which are expedient unto me” (Moroni 10:23).

“And these twelve ministers whom thou beholdest shall judge thy seed. And, behold, they are righteous forever; for because of their faith in the Lamb of God their garments are made white in his blood” (1 Nephi 12:10).

Apposition


Apposition of these 2 words does not occur in the Bible.

“If ye will not harden your hearts, and ask me in faith, believing that ye shall receive, with diligence in keeping my commandments, surely these things shall be made known unto you” (1 Nephi 15:11).

“Whatsoever thing ye shall ask in faith, believing that ye shall receive in the name of Christ, ye shall receive it” (Enos 1:15).

“And now, if God, who has created you, on whom you are dependent for your lives and for all that ye have and are, doth grant unto you whatsoever ye ask that is right, in faith, believing that ye shall receive, O then, how ye ought to impart of the substance that ye have one to another” (Mosiah 4:21).

“If thou desirest this thing, if thou wilt bow down before God, yea, if thou wilt repent of all thy sins, and will bow down before God, and call on his name in faith, believing that ye shall receive, then shalt thou receive the hope which thou desirest” (Alma 22:16).

“Whatsoever thing ye shall ask the Father in my name, which is good, in faith believing that ye shall receive, behold, it shall be done unto you” (Moroni 7:26).

“And then shall ye know, or by this shall you know, all things whatsoever you desire of me, which are pertaining unto things of righteousness, in faith believing in me that you shall receive” (D&C 11:14).

“And it shall come to pass, that if you shall ask the Father in my name, in faith believing, you shall receive the Holy Ghost” (D&C 14:8).

“Ask the Father in my name in faith, believing that you shall receive, and you shall have the Holy Ghost, which manifesteth all things which are expedient unto the children of men” (D&C 18:18).

Other occurrences of both words in one verse


“Now I ask, is this faith? Behold, I say unto you, Nay; for if a man knoweth a thing he hath no cause to believe, for he knoweth it” (Alma 32:18).

“But behold, if ye will awake and arouse your faculties, even to an experiment upon my words, and exercise a particle of faith, yea, even if ye can no more than desire to believe, let this desire work in you, even until ye believe in a manner that ye can give place for a portion of my words” (Alma 32:27).

“And it did work for them according to their faith in God; therefore, if they had faith to believe that God could cause that those spindles should point the way they should go, behold, it was done” (Alma 37:40).

“And those who did belong to the church were faithful; yea, all those who were true believers in Christ took upon them, gladly, the name of Christ, or Christians as they were called, because of their belief in Christ who should come” (Alma 46:15).

“And neither at any time hath any wrought miracles until after their faith; wherefore they first believed in the Son of God” (Ether 12:18).

“And whosoever among you are sick, and have not faith to be healed, but believe, shall be nourished with all tenderness, with herbs and mild food, and that not by the hand of an enemy” (D&C 42:43). If “believe” is referring to a belief in Christ, then this verse resembles the following scripture.

“The lame who hath faith to leap shall leap. And they who have not faith to do these things, but believe in me, have power to become my sons” (D&C 42:51-2).

Lectures on Faith


“Are you not dependent on your faith, or belief, for the acquisition of all knowledge, wisdom and intelligence?” (1:11).

“And as faith is the moving cause of all action in temporal concerns, so it is in spiritual; for the Savior has said, and that truly, that ‘He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved.’ (Mark 16:16)” (1:12).

“But those who have not made this sacrifice to God, do not know that the course which they pursue is well pleasing in his sight; for whatever may be their belief or their opinion, it is a matter of doubt and uncertainty in their mind; and where doubt and uncertainty is, there faith is not, nor can it be. For doubt and faith do not exist in the same person at the same time. So that persons whose minds are under doubts and fears cannot have unshaken confidence, and where unshaken confidence is not, there faith is weak, and where faith is weak, the persons will not be able to contend against all the opposition, tribulations and afflications which they will have to encounter in order to be heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ Jesus; and they will grow weary in their minds, and the adversary will have power over them and destroy them” (6:12). Although the first 2 sentences could seem to imply that belief is in the domain of doubt, which is not of faith, the third sentence could be taken to imply that belief is a “weak” form of faith.

“. . . there is a great difference between believing in God and knowing him: knowledge implies more than faith” (7:16).